Elena Vavilova a.k.a. Tracey Lee Ann Foley, also commonly known as Ann Foley, is an author, speaker and former deep-cover Russian intelligence officer. She finished her intelligence career in 2010 at the rank of Colonel.

She became the inspiration for the main character in the critically acclaimed TV show “The Americans” (FX Networks 2013-2018).

Born in Russia, Elena has lived and worked in Canada, France and the United States. She is Fluent in Russian, English and French.


About Elena

Elena was born on November 16th, 1962, in the Russian city of Tomsk. From 1970 to 1980 she went to a school with intensive study of the German language. During her childhood and youth she studied ballet, music and journalism. In 1980 she enrolled to study history at Tomsk State University. After her 3rd year of University, she married Andrey Bezrukov, a fellow student, and together with him moved to Moscow to begin their training as intelligence officers. Elena eventually graduated from Tomsk University in 1985 via a distance learning program.

Since the late 1980s, for almost 25 years she worked as a deep-cover intelligence officer in several countries under the name of Tracy Lee Ann Foley. Her husband, Andrey Bezrukov, worked with her under the assumed name of Donald Howard Heathfield. According to her “legend”, Foley was born in Canada. While living in Toronto she gave birth to two sons – Timothy and Alexander.

In 1999, the family settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Elena, known as Ann Foley, worked as a real estate agent first at Channing Real Estate and later for another real estate company ⁠— Redfin.

On June 27th, 2010 Foley and her husband were arrested at their Cambridge townhouse. The arrest was the result of treason committed by one of their superiors back in Moscow. Several other Russian intelligence officers were also arrested at the same time in the USA. After two weeks of imprisonment, the entire group became the subject of the biggest spy swap between Russia and the USA since the Cold War. Following orders of her Russian superiors, Vavilova pled guilty in federal court to being an unlawful agent of the Russian Federation in the United States and was exchanged, together with nine other agents, for four prisoners held in Russia. The exchange was conducted in the context of an overall improvement of relations between Russia and the United States at that time. She became the prototype for the main character in the critically acclaimed TV show “The Americans” (FX Networks 2013-2018). The show portrays the life of a Russian couple working as “illegals” during the Cold War.

After returning to Russia, Elena Vavilova was awarded the prestigious Order of Merit for the Fatherland of 4th degree by the President of Russia for her service and was offered a job at the large mining company Norilsk Nickel. In May 2016, together with her husband A. Bezrukov she visited Tomsk, where they visited the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and held lectures in front of local students. In July 2017, she gave her first public interview to the Tomsk Regional TV Channel “Vremya”. The interview received a top professional award.

In May 2019, Vavilova published a novel “A Woman Who Can Keep Secrets” written together with Andrey Bronnikov, a special forces veteran. The book was presented at the press conference of the largest Russian news agency “TASS”. Following the book release, Vavilova appeared on a number of top Russian television and radio programs.

Two new novels, «The Encrypted Heart» and «Parallel Life», have been published in 2021 and 2023. Together with Andrey Bezrukov, she coauthored another book “Networking for spies. How to benefit from any acquaintance", which became a bestseller in Russia.

In 2023, the TV series ‘The Russians’ was filmed, based on Elena's first novel.

As an expert Elena participates as in various TV programs, documentaries, and gives interviews. She works as a business trainer and lecturer for the Russian “Knowledge Society” on the subject of interpersonal communication and networking.


A Woman Who Can Keep Secrets

In May 2019 Elena published the book “A Woman Who Can Keep Secrets”. The novel is written in collaboration with Tomsk writer and veteran of the special forces — Andrei Bronnikov.

The book is a fictional retelling Elena's own life experiences. The story spans from the early days of the main character's recruitment and training as a spy to the fateful day of her arrest. The novel offers the most realistic and honest depiction of the life and work of deep cover agents, the famous Russian “Illegals”, to date.

Available in Russian, Spanish, Catalan and Bulgarian languages.

Encrypted Heart

In March 2020 Elena published her second book Encrypted Heart

Young Russian “illegal” spy Dasha Kokorina has been tasked with identifying secret channels of terrorist financing. Living in Hong Kong under the name of Stella Lei, she deals with difficulties and deprivations that comes with her secret mission. She speaks perfect Mandarin and English and has a believable legend explaining her childhood and previous life. She manages not to burn her cover even when recognizing her own mother in a park in Paris. The only thing Stella cannot deny herself is the right to love. The young spy falls in love with a handsome Lebanese man but hides it from her handlers in Moscow. Little does she know that these strong feelings will push her to the verge of failure…

Currently only available in Russian language.

Parallel Life

In November 2021 Elena published her third book Parallel Life

Stella Lei (really Daria Kokorina) is a Russian spy working undercover in Hong Kong. Her turbulent feelings for the handsome Libyan Anri almost ended in failure for her. But instead of recalling and punishing the overly sentimental spy, the Center assigns Stella an extremely difficult task: to gather information about a certain biologist professor who committed suicide under very strange circumstances.

Stella arranges a visit to the relatives of the professor but soon after, a few Americans arrive to the same house to look through the deceased biologist's archive. Are they following Stella's trail? Is she under the surveillance?

Now every minute counts for the Russian spy. It's time to use all resources, all connections. Even her relationship with her beloved one…

Currently only available in Russian language.

Networking for Spies: How to benefit from any acquaintance

In November 2021, Elena published Networking for Spies: How to benefit from any acquaintance.

This book is designed to help readers become designers of their own human environment and successfully use connections to achieve goals in life and business.
While not intended to make the reader an intelligence officer (although it may inspire some!), the authors of the book will help you learn how to understand people and create long-term productive relationships. They will tell you how to manage your own human “ecosystem,” including:

  • How to strategically build a network of contacts
  • how to effectively make and nurture connections
  • how to systematically raise your status in the community
  • how to quickly solidify your position in a new organization
  • how to create a circle of trusted friends and possibly find a companion or companionship

Currently only available in Russian language.

In the Media

Articles and Videos featuring Elena

Meet the Russian Spies Who Inspired ‘The Americans‘

Russians among us by Gordon Corera

Excerpted from the book Russians Among Us by Gordon Corera.


Bulgarian Interview


Interview for Bulgarian Television


French Television Interview

TF1 in Moscow

Interview in Moscow for TF1 (France)


Interview with The Guardian (2019)

Elena Vavilova’s book offers rare insight into the Soviet deep-cover ‘illegals’ programme.

Elena discusses her new book with Shaun Walker of The Guardian.